People have always been fascinated by what would happen with the Earth and humans if something disastrous happened. And this is probably why Hollywood shoots so many movies about the end of the world.
We all know that our planet is gradually slowing down, but what would happen if one day it suddenlystops? Can you imagine which would be the consequences? Read below!
- All of the objects would fly east at high speed under the influence of their own impulses
We do not notice the great speed at which the Earth rotates. According to Sten Odenwald from NASA, if the Earth would stop, everything that is on the surface would be torn from the ground and would flew east at high speed. Then, everything would be shattered on the ground. At the equator the top speed would be around 447 m / s, while closer to the poles it would reach 357 m / s.
- Huge waves would be created
Under the influence of the impulse, the water in the seas and oceans would form powerful tsunamis that would erase the coastal cities from the face of the Earth.
- All water on Earth would be collected in two oceans and a new continent would be formed
The water is now collected at the equator due to the centrifugal force. As a result of the huge brake of Earth’s rotation, the water and land would be redistributed so as to form two great oceans at both poles. The mainland at the equator would grow and there would be a new huge continent that would stretch in the width of the equator.
- Powerful wind would raise
The atmosphere would continue to move, and under the influence of the impulse it would do laps around the planet. Air flow rate would be huge: over 490 m / s. If something like this occurs, it is possible that the Earth would lose a part of the atmosphere.
- It would be a beginning of constant volcanic eruptions, hurricanes and earthquakes
The huge kinetic force of the Earth and its impulse would shake the planet to the core. The result is quite
predictable: all-powerful hurricanes, volcanic eruptions and devastating earthquakes would happen. Everywhere!
- Earth would be transformed from the geoid in the sphere shape
Earth has a geoid shape because of its rotary movement –it is flattened a little bit in the poles and it is a little bulging at the equator. If the planet stopped, it would geta spherical shape.
- On one hemisphere it would be hot as in the desert, while on the other it would be cold as in the Antarctic
If the Earth would be oriented towards the Sun with only one side, one of her half would be heated to incandescence, and would always be illuminated with the highest temperatures at the equator.
The other hemisphere would become a realm of eternal night and arctic cold. NASA has another version: If the Earth would stop to rotate fully, we would have six months of night and six months of day.
- The magnetic field that protects Earth from dangerous cosmic radiation would be gone
The magnetic field will be formed under the influence of the outer core (made mainly of iron) and the rotation of the planet. If the latter is stopped, the magnetic field would disappear, predicts Sten Odenwald. Thisfield protects us from solar wind: charged particles emanating from the Sun. This would destroy all living things.
- If people survive, it would be on the verge of heat and cold
Humanity would be able to adapt to new circumstances only on the border of the day and night. People would have to live underground, and would have to go out in protective suits because of the radiation.
- The Moon would eventually fall to Earth, but this would not happen quickly
Professor Von Prat from Stanford says that the Moon would gradually slow down and would reduce its distance with the Earth. In time, it would simply fell on our planet.
The fact is that the Earth is actually slowing down. In its youth, it was turning much faster: the day lasted only 6 hours. Moon’s gravity causes tides to gradually slow down the movement of the Earth.
NASA has calculated the length of the day and it increases 2.3 ms every 100 years. After billions of years, the day will be several times longer and our planet would perhaps completely stop in the end.